Before submitting the manuscripts, the author/s must make sure that 3 electronic version doc files (the manuscript package) are prepared for submissions. They include 1) a cover page that bears the title of the article, the author/s’ name and affiliation, and abstract with keywords, and email IDs or phone numbers of the author/s only; 2) a main text only that should include the title of the article, abstract with keywords, main text and references without the name, affiliation and email IDs or phone numbers of the author/s; and 3) a latest brief CV including all co-authors (if the manuscript is co-authored). To submit your article, please send it to

The author/s submitting their manuscripts to the journal should follow the detailed guidelines given below while preparing their manuscripts. The manuscripts which do not meet these guidelines will not be considered for publication.

Manuscript Formatting Style
The journal follows the latest version of the APA formatting style. The author/s submitting their manuscripts are strongly suggested to use the 7th edition of the APA style.

Plagiarism Policy
The journal is against any unethical submission of any kind such as plagiarized manuscripts. Each manuscript will go through plagiarism detection software (iThenticate) for similarity check. If submitted manuscripts are found plagiarized from either others’ work or one’s own, they will be rejected outright and informed to the concerned authors.

The journal will also consider manuscripts which are already published or submitted elsewhere for publication as unethical act. After submitting the manuscripts to the journal, the authors are requested to wait for responses from the journal as the review process takes 10 weeks on average after submission of the manuscript. The authors are also allowed to withdraw their manuscripts at any stage of the review process, but they have to request the journal for withdrawal.

The journal encourages its authors to mandatorily provide ORCID as part of ethical, transparent and fair academic practices. ORCID can easily be available by signing into the user’s ORCID account. It provides a unique and persistent digital identifier, distinguishing one researcher to another. So all author/s’ ORCID will appear in all published articles. If you do not have an ORCID, please log on to this link to create a new ORCID.

Manuscript Types

The journal will accept three types of manuscripts only: original research article, theoretical/critical essay article and review article.

  1. Original Research Article: An original research article is basically based on the primary data from the original research that have not been published previously. It must be the results of new experiments or newly derived theories. Specifically, this type of article provides a detailed description of the methods used to produce new data so that other researchers can verify the validity and reliability of research.
  2. Theoretical/Critical Essay Article: A theoretical/critical essay article is a mixture of theory and textual analysis. The author/s of this type article usually depend on a certain approach or method or theory to interpret a text of any kind, which may be all types of art works such as a literary work, a film, a painting, a piece of music, a performance, etc. Interestingly, this type of article may also be written on any aspect of new theories or models. The author/s may describe an approach or theory in the methodology section with different headings. Similarly, the author/s may have different headings for the results and discussion sections.
  3. Review Article: Unlike the original research article, a review article does not report new data or theories, but this type of article reviews the current state of knowledge on a specific topic. Usually, such articles are based on the secondary data and do not include sections like “methods” and “results”. Instead, the author/s should give different headings for these sections.

Manuscript Format
The journal recommends that the author/s need to prepare their manuscripts in an online version of the Microsoft Word, using Times New Roman of 11-point font size throughout. The paper should be typed on A4 size paper with a single line space, having 1-inch margin on all sides. All pages of the manuscript should be numbered consecutively throughout, setting up the numbers in the bottom right.

Tables and Figures
Tables and figures should be formatted according to the APA 7th edition style. Number all tables and figures with Arabic numerals sequentially. The titles should be written in italicized title case below the table and figure numbers. Here are examples of a table and a figure:

Manuscript Sections
The basic structure of manuscripts includes 6 major sections: introduction, review of literature, methodology, results, discussion and conclusion. However, depending on the type of article as suggested above, the headings for each section can be different.

1) Title of the Article
The title of the article should be concise, precise and clear. A good title states the main idea of article and describes the method of study. As the title of the article is usually read first, it should attract the readers to read the whole article. So it should be catchy and interesting so that the readers can choose your article to read.

2) Author/s’ Name and Affiliation
The author/s’ name and affiliation should clearly be written below the title of the article. The author should provide the name, affiliation, and contact address. If there are more than one author, all authors’ names should be listed clearly, followed by their affiliation and address, using the superscript numbers. They should also provide all author/s’ ORCID. The corresponding author’s name, email address and phone number should be given below the list of author/s’ names and affiliations.

3) Abstract
The abstract should be written within the word limit as specified by the journal. This journal recommends that the authors limit within 150-250 words in a single paragraph. A good abstract is a brief summary of the article, providing a quick overview of the title. Most readers will go through the title and abstract of the article, so the author/s should give extra attention to the abstract writing.

4) Keywords
In fact, the main purpose of using keywords in the article is to make the article searchable, ensuring that the article is cited more by other researchers. So keywords should be important and relevant to the article. The journal recommends a limit of 5 words and phrases as keywords for the article.

5) Introduction
The introduction should discuss the topic and explain the main idea of the article, giving background information of the study. This section should be short and limited to 4 to 6 short paragraphs so that the readers will have an interest in reading the whole article. The section should end with aims and structure of the main topic.

6) Review of literature
The review of literature section of the article provides an overview of previously published research on a topic that is under study. The main purpose of the section is to identify research gaps in the existing research. A good review of literature not only summarizes the past studies, but it also critically evaluates them to explore a current knowledge on the subject for research. However, since the review article and review of literature have the similar nature, the review article does not need to write this section separately.

7) Methodology
The methodology section of the article describes the whole process of doing research. The section basically deals with three major questions: What was the approach? How was the data collected? How were these collected data analyzed? So the research process should be explained in a simple and clear manner.

8) Results
The journal requires its authors to write the results section clearly and logically. The section of the article reports the findings of the study based on the collected data. The main purpose of the section is to present the collected data, explaining the methods used during the data collection. The collected data can be presented in texts, tables and figures sequentially.

9) Discussion
The discussion section of the article is to discuss the results of the study in relation to the issues raised in the article. This section is a critical analysis of the results that tries to discuss the possible solution to the problem, strengths and weaknesses in relation to other studies, research gaps, implications of the study and further questions for future research. The section is usually connected to the introduction section. Whereas the introduction section raises a question in the article, the discussion section should clearly answer the question.

However, the author/s are free to choose an option for these two sections: the results section and the discussion section, which can either be put together or put separately. Both sections can be put together, having a single heading “Results and Discussion” or putting them in separate headings “Results” and “Discussion”.

10) Conclusion
The conclusion section is a part of the discussion section. The section summarizes the entire work and restates the topic, presenting the key findings of the study and emphasizing the significance of the study.

11) Recommendations [if any]
The recommendations section is optional. Writing recommendations depends upon the demand of the topic and the type of article. Recommendations are usually made for future work and for policymakers to improve their actions.

12) Acknowledgements [if any]
The acknowledgements section is optional. Writing acknowledgements is necessary when the article is based on a funded research. The author/s have to acknowledge the funding agency for research grants. The author/s have to thank all those who have helped the author/s during the research.

13) References
The references section is a list of references that are used in the main text as in-text citations. This section provides a detailed biographical list of the in-text citations, including information about the author, year of publication, title of the article, title of the book or journal, publisher and URL. This journal recommends that the author/s are required to use the APA 7th edition formatting style. The following are some examples of referencing style:

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